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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 154-157

Biodegradable implants in spine


1 Resident, Department of Orthopedics, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Consultant, Department of Orthopedics, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kumar Tripathi
Resident, Department of Orthopedics, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10039-1036

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Biodegradable implants degrade in a biologic environment. The use of bioabsorbable implants in spine surgery is expanding at a rapid pace. Their future as a carrier of biological agents, such as bone morphogenetic proteins and bone graft extenders, their radiolucency, and their eventual resorption make them an ideal implant for use in spinal degenerative disease. For spine fixation, ideally these implants should have mechanical characteristics equal to those of standard metal implants and would degrade with the healing process, so that fixation is not lost before adequate healing and load is gradually transferred to the healing tissue. Several new experimental bioabsorbable devices are in the process of consideration as spinal implants. These include a myriad of posterior lumbar interbody fusion devices, anterior spinal plates, and a variety of screw and mesh designs.


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